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January 4, 1894

The C. L. S. C. will meet with Mr. John Burns Friday evening, Jan. 5th, the following program will be given: Devotional, Mrs. Kanagy; Rome and the making of Modern Europe, Miss Edith Hawkins; Recitation, Miss Pearl Dartt; University Settlement, Miss Ella Carr; In Italy, Miss Blanche Bartholomew; Question Table (the Circle of Sciences in Dec. No., and 25 questions on Roman and Medieval in Jan. No.); Roll call, Quotations on the New Year.


The Charlevoix Savings Bank

At the annual meeting of the stockholders of the Charlevoix Savings Bank, held last Thursday, the following officers were elected: President, John Nicholls; Vice President, S. S. Walker; Cashier, A. Buttars; Directors, John Saverland, S. S. Walker, E. E. White, W. H. Gray, E. H. Green, John Nicholls, A. Buttars.

The past six months has been a feverish period for small banks throughout the country. The number that have gone "glimmering" is myriad. Charlevoix was touched by the finger of the spectre, and hurt badly. There was a decidedly panicky feeling among Charlevoix business men, and some of them were closer to the edge than was comfortable.

President Nicholls, whose cool judgment and hard sense is the balwark of the Savings Bank, was in Europe and upon Cashier Buttars rested the responsibility of pulling the institution through the breakers; and while all about him were occurring bank failures, he inspired his stockholders and directors with confidence, and brought the concern through safely.

The Charlevoix Savings Bank has probably passed through the most critical period of its existence, and has earned the confidence of the public.


January 18, 1894

The C. L. S. C. will meet with Miss Ella Carr Friday evening, Jan. 19th. The following program will be given: Devotional, Prof. Wilson; Sketch on Military Training in Italy, Rev. W. H. McPherson; Paper, "Constantine," Dr. Hallenbeck.


Mrs. J. A. C. Rowan of Petoskey, was in town Saturday, making preliminary arrangements for the instituting of a hive of Lady Maccabees here.


L. W. Kirby has opened a cigar factory in the second story of the Emrey building.


Work is progressing nicely on the government harbor work. The new steam pile driver is putting in the piles at a lively rate, and the timber is on the ground for the superstructure.


January 18, 1894

Work on Geiken's new tug is far enough along to show the outlines of a beautiful model. She is planked with a two-inch oak, and lined with three inches of the same material, and will be a very strongly built craft. Campbell's yard will have a craft to be proud of.


A Mr. Burk, of the state fish commission, was in town Saturday last looking up a location for a state fish hatchery. And at a special meeting of the village council held on Saturday evening, Mr. Burk submitted a proposition to locate a hatchery, providing the village would place the paraphernalia in position in the foundry building of Washburn & Ackert which is proposed to use for the present, and furnish steam from water works boilers for pumping purposes, which proposition was agreed by resolution of the council. Tally one more for Charlevoix.


Lady Maccabees

On Friday night Jan. 19th, at Odd Fellows Hall, Mrs. L. M. Rowan of Petoskey, Deputy Great Lady Commander of the Lady Maccabees, of Michigan, instituted White Rose Hive Ladies of the Maccabees of Michigan in following the secret work, the following officers were publicly installed:

Past Lady Com., Mrs. S. A. Smith

Lady Com., Mrs. Nettie Bartlett

Lady Lieut. Com., Louise Elston

Record Keeper, Mrs. Laura Parks

Finance Keeper, Mrs. Emily S. Blodgett

Chaplain, Mrs. Elma Cook

Sargent, Mrs. Nettie Mason

Mistress of Arms, Mrs. Emma Linn

Sentinel, Miss Emma Lamphear

Picket, Miss Hattie F. Williams

White Rose Tent begins life with a charter membership of thirty-four and will meet each Tuesday evening at Odd Fellow Hall.

The Lady Maccabees is not only a social and fraternal organization, but is one of the few institutions which furnish reliable life insurance for its members and more of the ladies of Charlevoix might profitably identify themselves with this organization.


February 1, 1894

W. H. McCartney has made a move in the right direction. He will this spring open at his place of business an intelligence office, and general employment bureau. It will embrace an office for the securing of school teachers, and a record of all vacancies in the profession. House renters will have a department and summer roomers will be able to have their want supplied. A large plat of Charlevoix upon which every house will be, is a guide to renters. The enterprise will fill a long felt want.


February 1, 1894

Capt. Wm. Hulme, of this place, has taken the necessary steps to copyright in this country, Canada and Australia for his forthcoming book "Autobiographical sketches from a sailor on the high seas from 1852 to 1865 in cruises between Liverpool and China, South America and Australia." The work will be dedicated "to sailors of every nationality." It cannot fail to be a work of engrossing interest, coming as it does from the pen of an intelligent man of long experience as a follower of the sea.


The W. C. T. U. will give a Columbian entertainment in the M. E. Church next Monday evening, Feb. 5th, beginning at 7 o'clock. It will consist of music, songs, experiences, etc. Some will talk upon topics connected with the World's Fair. The following gentlemen will participate: Mr. Mayne, Rev. Mr. Hallenbeck, Messrs. Cruickshank, Iddings, Buttars, Kane, Prof. Nelson, Rev. McPherson, and others. It is hoped some ladies will also be willing to relate some of their experiences. Admission 10 cents. No refreshments except the program.


Mr. S. Bower, of Detroit, Superintendent of the State Fish Hatcheries, is here. He comes to establish a branch hatchery which he expects to have in operation by Feb. 20th.

For present use the Washburn & Ackert foundry building has been leased, and after necessary improvements, the plant will be put in.

The hatchery will be principally for the propagation of white fish, and will have a capacity of thirty million per annum.

Mr. Bower pronounces Charlevoix the best point in Northern Michigan for fish hatching and will at the proper time, ask for an appropriation for the erection of suitable permanent buildings here.


February 8, 1894

The tanks are in the fish hatchery. The jars and other material are expected daily. A steam pump is being put in to take water from Round Lake. The steam is to be supplied from the water-works.


Chas. H. Ferguson, of Chicago, is the dean in the Chicago colony at Norwood. Gerrit V. Nash may claim to be burgomeister de facto, but he is not when Ferguson is there; Charlie is boss. He does not often come up in the winter; but when he does, winter or summer the complexion of all nature is changed in that vicinity. The cows in the barnyard know of his coming, and burst their udders with joy; the pigs in the sty grow fat in a day; the sheep in the paddock jump over the barbed wire fence and bleat their welcome. Even the logs in the mill-yard roll over in the frenzy of their glee. Charlie is at Norwood now, and observing that "the town was dead enough to skin," he determined to "shake them up," and to that end he elected himself master of ceremonies with power to act. He began acting at once, and some evening in the near future, Norwood will howl as Rome did. The Norwood minstrels will give an entertainment after which a masquerade ball will occur. Blakely's band will play, and everybody will bow to the genius, generosity and geniality of one of the most royal of men and most public spirited of Norwood's quasi-citizens.


February 8, 1894

Ship Building in Charlevoix

At Ben Campbell's shipyard, Capt. G. C. Geiken's new tug is rapidly approaching completion. The lining is nearly all in and her boiler will placed this week.

The new craft has lines as graceful as a yacht, and for structural solidity, she could not be made stronger. She is of oak, perfectly put together and in every feature of marine architecture will compare favorably with the work of any ship-building establishment on the lakes. The boat, when afloat, will unquestionably put a feather in Ben's cap.

Capt. Geiken said this morning: "There is no reason Charlevoix should not become a ship-building port. We can put oak materials into our yard as cheaply as they can at Grand Haven [and] we have every facility for construction. Much of our native material may be utilized and our workmen are as good as any. I am more than pleased with the work done for me."

The new tug will be out in April and Capt. Geiken will command her.

There is a likelihood that Campbell will build a passenger boat at his yard this year.


February 16, 1894

Tally one for the bowl factory, Mr. Williams returned from [St.] Louis last week having contracted the sale of the year's product [of] the factory. They are piling up bowls at a lively rate, but it [is] confidently expected that the out-put will be largely increased [this] year.


March 1, 1894

The editor's hair has grown gray in the service, but he is as frisky as a kitten, yet. If nothing hits him harder than another Democratic administration, he is good for another twenty-five years.

A Quarter of A Century.

Although the twenty-fifty volume of the Sentinel has not yet closed, March first is practically the paper's "Silver Wedding." The Sentinel was wedded to Charlevoix twenty-five years ago, and it has never violated its marriage vows.

Twenty-five years ago this week, the editor of the paper walked into Charlevoix with his satchel on his back. The satchel contained all that he possessed on earth except one five dollar bill in his trousers pocket, and that went for a pair of boots the next day. He has put in a quarter of a century trying to print a good country newspaper, and he is far from being a millionaire yet. For twenty-five years the burden of his song has been Charlevoix! In the early days it meant privation, courage and backbone. No one but he and his maker know, how hard the struggle was, and how near, many times, the Sentinel was at the brink of the precipice.

But the Sentinel has planted itself upon the rock. It has always been faithful to its principles and to Charlevoix. In the midst of discouragements it has never wavered. It has hung the banner of Charlevoix on the outer wall, and heralded the name of Charlevoix whether the sun shone or the clouds lowered.

A quarter of a century!

The present editor may not always wield the quill, but the Sentinel will go on in its work for Charlevoix.


March 15, 1894

Frank H. Wilkinson, of Atwood, is at the switch-board of the central telephone office, taking the place of Ed. Reed.


An Atwood correspondent sends the following item: Bennie Yettaw and Frank Wilkinson ran a footrace 2 3/4 miles; time 16 minutes; winner Yettaw; roads bad.


March 22, 1894

Charlevoix people are getting to the front in the Chicago restaurant business. Joe Hallet recently bought out Charlie Nettleton's place and Charlie and J. L. Hurd are proprietors of two restaurants that are paying big money to their owners. Mrs. Hurd is cashier in one and her sister Miss Rich, takes the checks in the other.


March 29, 1894

After about twelve years use as a livery stable, the old roller skating rink is to go back to its original use. James Ackert, the liveryman is reflooring the building, and this season will open it for roller skating. The livery outfit has been moved to the Upright barn on the south terrace.


The marine engineers of Charlevoix have an organized society of nineteen members. At a recent meeting they elected the following officers: President, Robert O'Neill; Vice President, Leslie Giddings; Corresponding Secretary, O. S. Washburn; recording and financial secretary, E. M. Guard; treasurer, J. M. Ackert; doorkeeper, Thos. Nowland; conductor, Geo. Pappin.


April 5, 1894

A. L. Coulter last week purchased the Weed residence on Main St.


John O'Neill had out 22 miles of nets last week, and Geiken had out 28 miles.


The fishing tug Geiken arrived in port Sunday night after an absence of ten days and considerable experience. She went from here to Cross Village, thence to Harbor Springs from which port she took the mail and a load of freight to Beaver Harbor, having to land it on the ice. She next went to her fishing grounds off the Foxes and lifted nets; thence to Northport returning several trips to lift. Then she took the freight and passengers to the Manitou, returning to Northport, leaving there Sunday morning and setting three gangs of nets at St. Helena, in the Straits. Capt. Geiken says the Beavers have had the mail but twice this winter.


April 12, 1894

Fifty bicycles in this town and still they say the world is growing better.


An old folks concert will be given by ye women of ye Congregational Church, on ye day called Wednesday, on the eighteenth day of ye fourth month, in ye year of our Lord eighteen hundred and ninety-four. Ye old folks are cordially invited; also ye younge menne and ye younge maydens.


April 19, 1894

The members of the High School Chorus recently presented their director, Miss Burr, and their pianist, Miss Miller with a token of their warm appreciation of the work done in their behalf in connection with the giving of the Queen Esther Cantata. Miss Burr received a fine silver mounted toilet set and Miss Miller a silver bon-bon dish.


Private Geo. McCartney, 3rd Inf. U. S. Army, arrived here yesterday from Jefferson Barracks on a 45 day furlough, which he will spend with his parents and sister, after which he will go to Alaska where his regiment has been ordered. George is on the regimental roster as a private but in reality he is post printer and is therefore relieved of some of the unpleasant duties of a soldier. George is looking well and likes the service.


May 3, 1894

Frank E. Wood has begun the erection of a residence on his north side lot.


Peter Benson, the corporation water-works artist, is kept busy digging for taps these days.


A. E. Clayden is back from Jackson and will resume his duties at the Charlevoix Roller Mills.


S. M. Rose, the sub-marine diver, left Monday for Oscoda, to repair a broken submerged water pipe.


One of the World's Fair flag poles arrived here last week and will be erected in front of S. M. Moore's cottage. It is 65 feet high, and was one of the four taken out of an Oregon tree.


Rev. M. E. Haynes has resigned his pastorate of the Charlevoix Baptist Church, and closed his labors last Sabbath. Mr. Haynes has been four years and a half pastor of the church. At the beginning of his pastorate the church numbered 39 souls; he leaves it with a membership of 200.


May 10, 1894

A 400 pound bell for the Ironton Congregational Church arrived yesterday.


J. T. Kirkpatrick is engaged on the plans for a church building for the Episcopal Society of this place. The structure will stand on the corner of State and Clinton streets and will be 35 x 56, with a corner tower. The society does not intend to complete it at once, but will make a start this summer.


May 17, 1894

The paper on "Schools and School Houses Fifty Years Ago," delivered at the Teachers' Association by Hon. Wm. Harris, was considered so good by State Superintendent Pattengill, that he will send it for publication to the Moderator.


May 24, 1894

There are a lot of people in Charlevoix, in fact all of them, who will be glad to learn that Sam See and family are on their way back from Oregon, to remain here.


An Olivet paper has the following: "Miss Margaret Enos, '94 of the Olivet Conservatory, gave her graduating recital in the church last Thursday, before a crowded house and a very attentive audience. Too much can hardly be said of Miss Enos' successful performance. The whole program exhibited the touch of a musical mind, well cultured by long and careful training in the hands of careful and competent teachers. Each part was enthusiastically applauded."


May 31, 1894

Mrs. A. G. Aldrich arrived last week from Chicago, and is visiting among her many Charlevoix friends. Mrs. Aldrich is always received here with sincere cordiality. The old settlers cannot forget the beneficience and motherly kindness of this good lady in pioneer days. Many homes in Charlevoix have reason to remember with almost tearful interest the big heart of Mrs. Anna Aldrich in their hours of affliction. May she live yet many years and come among yet many summers.


June 7, 1894

Harry Nicholls has received his commission as Deputy U. S. Marshall.


June 7, 1894

Miss Maggie Green, who is attending the Detroit Conservatory of Music, gave her recital on June 1st. The program embraces numbers of great difficulty and denotes remarkable progress of Miss Maggie. Miss Mabel Green, the Major's next youngest daughter, graduates from the Port Clinton (Ohio) High School June 6th. Major and Mrs. Green left yesterday to be present on this occasion. This is a good year for Charlevoix girls.


Saint Mary's Church

The new church edifice of the Catholic Society of Charlevoix was consecrated Thursday morning, May 31st, by Right Rev. H. J. Richter, Bishop of Grand Rapids, with the solemn and impressive ceremonial of the church. The Rt. Rev. Bishop was assisted by Rev. Fathers Sabine Mollitor, O. S. F., Marion Glahn, O. S. F., and Bruno Torka, O. S. F., all of Harbor Springs. The attendance was large.

At precisely ten o'clock the Rt. Rev. Bishop, clothed in Episcopal vestments, with mitre and crosier, attended by the three priests, emerged from the church, which had not yet been opened to the public. Followed by the waiting congregation the Bishop and clergy passed around the edifice, as the Bishops, from a silver chalice, sprinkled the walls of the church, and priests chanted the service of consecration. Again the prelates and fathers entered the sanctuary and with closed doors completed the holy service of consecration, after which the congregation was admitted and a solemn mass was celebrated, with Rev. Father Mollitor as celebrant, assisted by His Grace the Bishop "in cape" and attending clergy.

The music of the mass with Mr. Frank Coatta as organist, and Mrs. M. Kehoe as leading soprano, was creditable. The beautiful "Kyrie Eleison," "Gloria," "Credo," "Responsoria," "Sanctus," and "Benedictus" were sung with an earnestness and skill surprising to one who is familiar with the difficult and dignified character of Catholic musical service.

The Bishop occupied a throne on the gospel side of the altar in the purple vestments of his high office, rising from time to time as he participated in the mass.

At the close of the mass, Bishop Richter preached a sermon on consecration, and confirmed a class of thirty young people. During his discourse he complimented highly the zeal which characterized the labors of the Catholic people here in providing for themselves the neat and substantial house of worship in which they were gathered on this auspicious occasion.

The Rt. Rev. Bishop was driven about town in the afternoon and before leaving, expressed himself as delighted with Charlevoix and predicted for it a bright and prosperous future.


June 14, 1894

It is proposed to dredge out a sixteen foot channel at Charlevoix East Jordan Enterprise-Yes, and give Charlevoix credit for it; and while you are rendering unto Caesar the things that are Caesar's go back a quarter of a century and book Charlevoix for the whole harbor business. It was Charlevoix that in 1869 set in motion the influence which secured the first survey and subsequently the $10,000 appropriation. It was Charlevoix always that compiled statistics from Custom House records, and kept things warm at Washington. The condition of Charlevoix harbor has never troubled up-lake towns, because they knew that Charlevoix was on guard and would keep the channel clear. A good deal of abuse from time to time has been wafted down Pine Lake and South Arm, but very little praise has ever fallen to our lot for the good work we have done for up-lake towns in our persistent pounding in the interests of deep water into Pine Lake.


June 21, 1894

"Rowing, Not Drifting"
The High School Class of '94 launch their boat on the Sea of Life.

"Rowing, Not Drifting," was the class motto that ornamented the stage setting at Lewis Grand Opera House last Friday evening. In the rear center of the stage was a bank of flowers, up through the center of which sprang a limpid stream of water right from Ed. Guard's Worthington pumps. At right and left were flowers and floral decoration. This is the way the class of '94 stands:

Ada M. Blodgett

Ernest P. Peaslee

Will C. Strip

Frank N. Metcalf

Only one girl graduate!

Heretofore the order has been reversed; the spectacle being not unlike that of a hollyhock in the midst of a bed of pansys. This year it was a fleur di lis that shed lustre and fragrance upon the setting of tall, stout gladiolus.

Richly and tastefully dressed in the traditional white, self possessed and dignified, Miss Blodgett read her essay on the class motto in a strong, firm, evenly modulated voice. The paper was marked with the imprint of careful work, and was a fitting literary token of successfully rounded up school life. She honored her class and her school.

The boys all did well. They were the big end of the class of '94 and seemed to know it. Mr. Metcalf's essay, "Uses of Adversity," was a paper of merit worthy of an older head. It sparkled with bright genius of thought, and teemed with epigrammatic beauties of composition.

"Aim in Life" was the subject of Mr. Peaslee's oration. It was "neck and neck" between Peaslee and Metcalf in demonstration of good work done. Mr. Peaslee's effort was credit to himself and to the class.

Mr. Stripp's "Class History and Prophecy" was a "class roast," but it was well done and well received.

The musical features of the program were worthy of the occasion. The selections were all of a high order, and reflected credit upon Charlevoix musical talent, which always fully meets expectations.

The commencement exercises as a whole were eminently successful, and showed the careful and capable work of Superintendent Wilson.

The reception to the class by the Alumni Association occurred at the residence of O. D. Wood Saturday night, and was a most successful and enjoyable occasion.


July 5, 1894

Our School History
What Charlevoix Has Done For Its Young
Interesting sketch of the Progress of Our Educational System from 1861 to the Present

There is no feature of the development of Charlevoix from the pioneer days just following the Mormon exodus that more strikingly marks our growth than the march, step by step from the little log school house to our present fine, solid, brick temple of education; and there is no feature of our progress to which we can point with greater pride than to the record of School District No. 1 of Charlevoix, in the mental training of its young.

The early settlers of Charlevoix village and the county as well, were people who had been taught the value or our schools, and at the earliest opportunity we find means provided for educating the children of those who located in this vicinity. The community was small, it is true, and the appointments of the early schools primitive. In the fall of 1861 it was decided to build a school house and begin to train the young idea in the proper direction. M. J. Stockman was then living on the south side of Round Lake. A "bee" was called and a small log building put up on the back of Pine Lake, about fifteen rods south of where the Belvedere House now stands, on the Charlevoix Resort grounds. It was a veritable cobble house, just high enough for a person of ordinary height to stand erect in, without raising the roof. The building was 16 x 18 feet in size with a "shake" roof and puncheon floor. Split basswood logs resting on pegs served as benches and the desks were of similar structure, but then men have emerged from similar ones to enter upon illustrious careers, and dying, transmit honorable names to posterity.

The first school in this building was taught in the winter of 1861-'62 by Mrs. M. J. Stockman who received therefore a salary of one dollar per week. Being a married woman she was enabled to make favorable rates for board, and thus derived quite a magnificent revenue from her labors. The following were Mrs. Stockman's pupils during the first term: Joseph R., Charles and Frances Dixon; William M., John C., Ellen, Mary Ann and Janet Miller; Hiram, James M., Geo. B., and Louisa Thompson; Wilson, Solomon and Malvina Hancock; Oscar D., Albert E., and Mary Mason, Ed Aldrich, Esther and Sophia Horton; Angeline Kidder; Frances and Ida Vosburg; and possibly two or three others.

Mrs. Stockman also taught the following summer and was succeeded by a Mr. Crandall. The summer term was taught by Celia Moses, afterwards the wife of Archibald Buttars. There was no school during the winter 1863-'64, but the following summer Mrs. Stockman taught again. The next term was during the summer of 1865, and was taught by Jane E. Miller, daughter of William Miller, of the present town of Marion. Miss Greenman and John H. Horton and Miss Davis and Miss Newell were also teachers.

Dr. Leach tells how the first frame school house was built as follows: In the fall of 1867 it began to be felt that the school house accommodations were too limited. There were perhaps a dozen white families in an around the village. As the legal voters did not seem inclined to move in the matter of building, the women took the affair in their own hands and went about it in their own way.

After consultation, they resolved to hold a fair as a nucleus for a building fund. The matter was pushed with such energy that three weeks after the inception of the project everything was ready, and the evening of the 6th of December was appointed for the gathering.

When the evening arrived, a general interest in the fair, if not the object it was intended to promote, had been aroused, and, though a wintry storm was raging, nearly all the inhabitants of the settlement, old and young, were early at the place appointed, anticipating, and determined to have a good time.

The ladies had prepared a large number of articles, useful and ornamental, for sale, most of them were first disposed of at a private sale, and were then put up at auction by the first purchasers, the money in every case going into the common fund. After the sales were completed the company repaired to the dining room, where, as a lady who was present since expressed it "They had oysters, real oysters, don't you think-a dish almost unknown in those days except in name, and they were dealt out by good big dishfuls-not a little soup with one poor oyster swimming around all alone." Perhaps not the least enjoyable part of the amusement of the evening was the public reading of the letters received by individuals through the young ladies' postoffice. Several persons whose turn of mind led them to work in that direction, had employed their spare moments in providing material for that department, consequently almost every person got a letter, in prose or verse, with humorous, sarcastic, spicy or dull, according to the whim and ability of the writer. Of course the recipient was required to pay a small sum as postage, to help swell the receipts of the evening.

The fair was a success financially, about $75 being realized. This was put in Mrs. Ainslie's hands as treasurer, and was expended the next spring toward building a school house. The new house, though not completed this season, was occupied for three months' term of school. This school house stood near the corner of State and Antrim streets, on the site now occupied by the enterprize factory. It is now used as a dwelling house by Jack Papinaw, on Antrim St. In the fall of 1868 Major E. H. Green had become located here for the purpose of practicing law. The field was large enough but it was sparsely settled with clients and it was necessary for an attorney, whose purse was lean to direct his energies in any legitimate direction for the purpose of keeping meal in the barrel. The village school afforded a field of labor and Major Green was employed at a salary of $40 a month, a portion of which was paid in flour and potatoes.

His pupils that term comprised some of the residents of the village of the present time, among whom are Mrs. D. C. Nettleton, Mrs. Dr. L. Lewis, Mrs. George Miller, Mrs. F. W. Mayne, Mrs. John Ackert, Mrs. Sweetman, Mrs. James Ackert, the Mason children, Joseph Dixon, Henry Cooper, Annie Cooper, Mrs. James Smith, Mrs. Harrison Bedford, Edward Aldrich, John C. Miller, Horace G. Wakefield, Flora Ainslie.

Mr. Green taught again in the fall and winter of 1869 and in the summer of 1869, Miss Lottie Ainslie, now Mrs. F. W. Mayne, taught. She also taught several years thereafter.

The principals since Major Green have been Byron See, G. W. Hoover, Mr. Whiting, C. Dexter Page, A. R. Upright, R. J. Seaman, F. W. Mayne, D. L. Buzzell, James Jamison, J. B. Allen and H. M. Enos.

In 1873 the immediate predecessor of the present building was erected. It was a frame structure of dimensions which were then considered large. It was surmounted by a central steeple, which contained a bell, the sound of which would not disturb the airwaves outside the corporation.

One spring morning in the year 1889, just after school was called, flames were discovered in the basement and soon the entire building was enveloped. The good work of the teachers in quietly getting the scholars through the smoke to the school yard, is still vividly remembered.

During that year and part of the next, the village hall and various vacant rooms in the village were utilized for school purposes while steps were at once taken by the District Board to provide a school building, and in September of the same year, the present elegant structure was opened. Since its erection the attendance has increased to such an extent that it is now inadequate in capacity. The past year one department has been quartered at the village hall, and, as we write, arrangements are being made to place still another department there. Meantime there is little doubt that in the near future one or more ward buildings will be erected.

The Charlevoix public school building is, without doubt, one of the finest in the Grand Traverse Region. It cost about $22,000. It is of solid brick and contains seven rooms, beside the necessary recitation room. The interior finish, in native woods, excites the admiration of every visitor.

No corresponding period of our school history will show as great progress, or exhibit such satisfactory results, in transition from the old system to the more modern methods of education, than that from 1885 to 1893, during which time the superintendency was vested in Prof. Henry M. Enos. That veteran educator made the school his family and when, last year, he resigned, it was like the severing of family relation, and the going away of a paternal guardian. Charlevoix did not lose Prof. Enos, however, and ,as the dusty miller, he is still saluted as "Prof." He has not by any means lost his interest in the school, and by the classes of the alumni which have graduated under him, he has been "canonized."

The present Superintendent, Prof. D. F. Wilson, is a worthy successor of Prof. Enos, and has already demonstrated his eminent qualifications as an educator. He closed his first year last month, graduating the class of '94. He has been re-appointed to the superintendency, and will, the coming school year, be assisted by a core of nine teachers. Prof. Wilson's early education was acquired in "the little old schoolhouse on the hill." He studied one year in the high school at Dansville, Mich., and a short time at Valparaiso, Ind. After teaching two terms of district school he took a four years' course at the Michigan Normal School, graduating in 1888. He then taught as principal of graded schools at Napoleon, Mich., two years, and was superintendent of schools at Blissfield, Mich., three years.

The public schools of Charlevoix are organized on the usual plan of a course of study extending over a period of twelve years each is call a grade. The first four grades constitute the primary department; the second four grammar department; the third four the high school department.

In the primary grades the teaching is largely objective, thus developing the perceptive powers.

In the grammar department the work appeals to the imagination and memory, while in the high school the aim is to develop the thinking power of the student.

The present school board consists of H. Lee Iddings, President; O. S. Washburn, director; H. S. Harsha, Assessor; A. Buttars and D. C. Nettleton.

Charlevoix is an ideal school town, and we hope the time is not far distant when our educational advantages will be given a wider scope and a Normal Training School established, that shall mark Charlevoix as an educational center.

Following is the enrollment from 1886 to 1894: 1886-'87, 309; 1887-'88, 325; 1888-'89, 351; 1889-'90, 353; 1890-'91, 347; 1892-'93, 412; 1893-'94, 435.


July 19, 1894

Wedding Bells

On Thursday morning last, Miss Lottie Mason, of the merchantile firm of Mason and Clayden, was united in marriage with Mr. J. A. Markham, late of Jackson.

The ceremony took place at the home of the bride's mother, Rev. W. H. McPherson officiating. Only the relatives and a few of the immediate friends were present. Mr. and Mrs. Markham left at once on their wedding trip among friends in Detroit and Jackson.

Lottie is a Charlevoix girl to the manor born and the Sentinel always has a warm spot in its heart for such. That Mr. and Mrs. Markham have their full share of the blessings of this life, is our sincere wish.


August 9, 1894

Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Markham returned home from their bridal tour yesterday, and Lottie is behind the counter again at Mason & Clayden's.


Dr. Armstrong has leased and has occupied the entire second floor of the Buttars block, for office and residence. The Doctor is from the University of Michigan, and proposes to remain in Charlevoix.


H. P. Parmalee will deliver a lecture tonight at the Methodist church on geology. Mr. Parmalee is an authority on this subject and the lecture will be a treat.


August 16, 1894

Isaac Mills has been appointed warden of the Chicago resort to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Wm. Dougherty.


A farewell social in honor of Rev. W. H. McPherson and wife will be held on R. N. Faulkner's lawn on Monday next. It is hoped that our people, without regard to denomination will attend, and show their respect to the reverend gentleman and his lady.


August 30, 1894

The Sentinel can state authoritatively that a well directed movement is on foot looking toward the erection of a large hotel on Lindsay Park.

The movement is on a $50,000 basis, of the joint stock plan, and already a large share of the amount is pledged.


September 20, 1894

Dr. Carlos Montezuma, a full blooded Apache Indian, physician to the Indian schools at Carlisle, Pa., was here last week and took a number of Indian children back with him. Dr. Montezuma is a graduate of Chicago Medical College.


The school board have brought a new 24 foot flag for the central school building, and it was floated to the breeze Monday morning.


September 27, 1894

What shall we do this winter

Notices of Chatauqua meetings begin to appear and the Historic Society will soon resume its winter work.

These are societies having for their object the intellectual development of our minds at a time when there is somewhat of a release from the more active labor of the summer months.

They are proper and denote a good social condition as well as an educational tendency. But, while a study of ancient Rome, and prehistoric America is commendable; while the conquests of Alexander and Napoleon are most interesting subjects for long winter evenings discussion, the present and future of Charlevoix, as a subject for thought and discussion from November 1st to March 31st, affords material that knocks out the classics in the first round.

A hoop factory lays over Homer's Iliad; and a furniture manufactory has more bread and butter in it than four volumes of the "Decline of the Dutch Republic." One evening with Longfellow, when it comes to a contemplation to the paucity of dollars, is a timely subject.

A spontaneous, earnest, active, united discussion of Charlevoix interests must result in good. Keep the literary societies alive and active, but augment their work with organization for the creation of more employment for the unemployed. Books are good; so are well filled dinner pails. Knowledge is of very little use if the coal bin is empty. The parlor is a pleasant place in which to spend a winter's evening digesting Macauley's England, but what about the pantry?

We have drifted into a rut that is confined to three summer months and all our hopes seem to be centered in advancement within that narrow limit. What about the other nine months?

When we awake to the importance of equalizing the calendar in our plans for the future development of Charlevoix, we shall begin to regard our interests in their true light.


October 11, 1894

Dr. and Mrs. J. A. Auld returned from their wedding trip today.


Improvements this year

Notwithstanding the stringency of the times, Charlevoix has made considerable progress in the way of improvement this year.

On the south side there has been built the Ayer Block. Residences have been built by the following: Alex Benway, L. M. Wheeler, Chas. Carey, Chas. Beach, John Cook, Geo. Meggison, Geo. Weaver, Ren Lamphear, Jas. Linn, Glen Walling, Jas. Huntington, Earnest Stanhope, and Peter McFarland. To this may be added the enlargement of Mudge and Clark's store on Antrim street.

On the North side we note the elegant residence of F. M. Sears, those of J. M. Thompson, Henry Burns, Jas. Shores, S. M. Moore, Mrs. Barrett, Mrs. Place, Frank Wood, one by G. W. Crouter, and one now being erected by H. V. Rifenburg. H. M. Enos will within a few days begin the erection of a residence just north of the Boak place.


October 25, 1894

On Friday the bell of the Catholic Church arrived, and will be raised to the steeple this week.


A public telephone station has been established at Bay Shore.


November 8, 1894

A special service will be held at the Catholic Church on Tuesday November 13, at which the new bell will be solemnly blessed at said church. All are invited to the ceremony.


Dr. Armstrong of this place has been appointed a member of the Board of Pension Examiners. This is a proper appointment. The Doctor is entirely worthy of it.


November 15, 1894

At 10 o'clock yesterday, Rev. S. S. Mollitor, O. S. F., dedicated the new Catholic bell with solemn ceremonies. The bell, which weighs 521 pounds, was secured mainly through the efforts of Jas. A. Gellick, and constitutes a memorial to his deceased daughter, Gracie. Upon its surface her name appears in raised letters.


John Jolliffe, of Banks, has removed here and is occupying the new residence on the south terrace bought of John Cook. Mr. Jolliffe is one of the pioneers of Banks. After many years of toil he seeks repose in the best town in Northern Michigan.


Richard Nicholls, who has spent several months in travel, arrived yesterday and will remain with his brother, Hon. John Nicholls, for a time.


Charlevoix Musical Club

The organization of the Charlevoix Musical Club was affected on Monday evening at the parlors of Mrs. E. H. Green with Miss Maggie Enos as president and Miss Cora Ainslie as secretary.

The object of the Club is the study of music in all its branches and a revival of interest in musical matters generally.

The winter meetings will be devoted to recitals and the reading of papers on musical topics and the discussion thereof.

Auxiliary to the Club will be organized a Choral Society, for vocal instruction and development.


November 22, 1894

The Ferry Seed Warehouse will close December 1st, for this season. During the fall there have been shipped from the warehouse to Detroit, 10 carloads of seed peas and beans and there is stored in the warehouse for next season's seed, about 8,000 bushels. Already Mr. L. D. Coulter has contracted for 5,000 bushels of next year's growth. It is expected that the crop of next year to be handled here will be double that of this season. The concern has paid out $15,000 here this season for peas and beans. Mr. Coulter thinks they will make it $25,000 next years.


November 29, 1894

Miss Minnie Goss has accepted the position as principal of the High School, made vacant by the resignation of Miss Bowers. Miss Goss comes from Big Rapids and is a talented and efficient teacher.


The convent at Cross Village north of Harbor Springs, was closed last week, and Father Bernardino Abbink with eleven nuns, mostly aged women, took the train at Bay View for Joliet, Ill., the mother home of the order. Several of the nuns have been inmates of the convent at Cross Village for 35 years and have not been out of the convent grounds during that time. Several never traveled on a railroad train before in their lives and Father Abbink had to use both persuasion and authority to induce the timid old women to risk their lives on the cars. The closing of the convent is a serious blow to Cross Village as it not only loses an attraction for excursionists during the summer season but is a business loss as well.


December 6, 1894

Two Men Drowned

Edgar Gebo and Chris Wicks of this place, were drowned from a fish boat in Grand Traverse Bay on Sunday or Monday last.

On Saturday morning last Geo. Hartson, Chris Solberg, Gebo and Wicks, left here with two fishboats for Fisherman's Island, where they had a fishing camp, with the intention of removing the outfit to Bower's Harbor in Grand Traverse Bay.

Monday afternoon a boat, bottom up, under which was held a quantity of fishing appurtenances, was found just off Torch Lake. Sam Rose, the diver, who was there, recognized the boat and telephoned the facts here.

Knowing that there were two boats in the outfit it was for a time unknown which two of the party were lost; but yesterday Hartson turned up on Torch Lake and telephoned here that Gebo and Wicks were undoubtedly lost. Yesterday the body of Gebo was found entangled in the nets under the boat. It was brought here today by the tug Geiken.

Edgar was the son of Mrs. Gebo and the late Louis Gebo, who was lost in the steamer Vernon, five years ago. The family were among the earliest settlers of this region. Edgar leaves a wife and three children. Wicks was a German, about 25 years of age, and he leaves a wife and one child. He is well spoken of about town.


December 6, 1894

There will be a grand masquerade ball on Christmas eve at the Lewis Grand Opera House. The person wearing the best costume gets a live turkey; the one wearing the poorest costume gets a chicken. Ed M. Washburn, who has had large experience in the Amateur Minstrel business, has organized a combination of home talent, and will put on the boards at Lewis' Grand Opera House Wednesday evening, December 12, a concert of the minstrel variety. Charlevoix has much good talent of that class and an entertainment may be expected that will eclipse any previous home effort.


December 20, 1894

Random Recollections and Rambling Ruminations

By Old Timer

Four church bells rang out their calls to divine worship Sabbath morning and as their peals vibrated upon the air, a wave of retrospection stirred the soul of the Old Timer. His memory turned back to the little band of worshippers who gathered in the one story school house where the unpainted teacher's desk served for a pulpit, and the congregation sat upon the whittled benches; where the singers took the key to old "Balermy" from a tuning fork, where some good brother carried a lamp from home with which to light the preacher's desk. There is music in the bells to the ear of the Old Timer, because they sing the story of progress.

The erection of the cold storage warehouse at the foot of Clinton street reminds Old Timer that the street from Bridge street to Round Lake was in the original plat, the old Laister property, and it was but a few feet south of the warehouse site that Laister shot himself, back in the early 70s. And here, Old Timer remembers seeing a deer spring into the Lake and swim to the opposite shore.

As the Old Timer was being entertained by the excellent local minstrel show at Lewis Grand Opera House last Wednesday evening, his thoughts ran back to the first dramatic entertainment by local talent. That was in the 70s and the amateur Thespians played in "Fox's Hall." The boards of the stage rattled as the play progressed and the audience sat upon boards stretched upon chairs. "The Idiot Witness" was the play and Hon. A. K. Dougherty, now of Elk Rapids, played the title role. Miss Lottie Ainslie (now Mrs. Mayne), was the leading lady, and Wm. M. Miller played "heavy villain." There was no music and no footlights, but it was a great event in those days.

Speaking of Fox's Hall, the Old Timer is reminded of the "balls" that occurred in that room in the early days. About everybody in town danced then and many a staid Charlevoix matron of today were among the girls then, who joined in these festive events. Sometimes it was Ben Campbell who furnished the music, sometimes Louis Gebo, and Occasionally Tim Smith; but when an event of more than ordinary moment occurred, Sandy Burbank of South Arm was secured. Charlie Chaddock, engineer of the tug Com. Nut, the only steamboat on the inland waters, was also a most inspiring fiddler.

Old Timer hears the ladies now-a-days discussing "calling etiquette." Cards are an essential adjunct to the diplomacy of the ladies now, and the afternoon dressing is a terror to the household. Old Timer remembers when the ladies threw shawls over their heads and "run in" going across the lots and entering by the back door. The caller took her knitting-work, and the lady of the house kept on with her house-work.

And the men! Old Timer calls to mind the gatherings of the old settlers at "the store" and the postoffice. Fox's counter was worn smooth by then as they sat by the big stove and "swapped yarns." A box of tobacco was kept open on the counter then, for everybody to help themselves; it is not so now. On Saturday "Indian Day," the store was blue with smoke, and fragrant with the perfume of many natives. How different now.


December 27, 1894

Random Recollections and Rambling Ruminations-Continued

By Old Timer

The "Merry Christmas" of long ago was just as merry as the Christmastide of now. If it lacked in wax candles and blazing embers beneath ornate mantels, and the Christmas morning array of costly gifts, it was rich in the true quality of Yuletide joyfulness. A bright new calico dress brought as much happiness to the wife or daughter then as comes now with the richest gown of silk. Turkeys were scarce then and a loin of beef for the Christmas dinner was very infrequent. But the little community was rich in happiness and hope. Those were merry holidays.

The talk about a new hotel revived the memory of Old Timer along the line of old-time hotel experience. The Fountain City House consisted of the wing of the present hotel and even that was but a story and a half high. The "office" was in the extreme west end. In the center was a large box stove, set in a large box of sand. On the winter evenings as we played euchre and sometimes "penny ante," a line of socks surrounded the big stove from which arose a perfume that today would drive every guest from the house. Chas. Chaddock's fiddle and Geo. Miller's mouth organ were nearly as bad. Dr. Lewis, Geo. Miller, F. L. Kiser (of the mill) and Old Timer were boarders; so were half a dozen Indians and one negro. We had but one common table. We had but one "Resorter" and he was a delirium tremens subject from Chicago. Grandma Cooper, God rest her good old soul, was the cook. We had plenty to eat, and it was good enough for the best of us. Steamboats were the only thing that relieved the monotony.

Sometimes we kick now if a minute is lost in getting our mail. Old Timer remembers when a one-armed Indian came on foot from Elk Rapids twice a week with a mail bag in his "Mish-Ka-Moot" and the load was not burdensome.

In the fall of 1868 Old Timer went hunting in the vicinity of East Jordan. Where that thriving village now stands there was nothing. Old Timer shot a partridge near where the Commercial Hotel now stands, and roasted it on the hill above. On the other side, Sol. Isaman kept a stock of goods. Propeller wood was the only staple, and the little tug, Com. Nutt towed it from the arm down through the "old Channel."


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